Best Critical Thinking Strategies That Actually Work

Critical Thinking Strategies
Critical thinking skills allow you to understand and address situations based on all-out their facts and information. Typically, using critical thinking at work involves processing and organizing facts, data and other data to define a problem and develop effective solutions. It’s a good plan to reflect on the critical thinking skills you already possess and what you may need to develop. According to PhD dissertation writing services, you should include your strongest critical thinking skills on your resume and discuss them during interviews. In addition, you might consider setting goals and adopting practices to help you build the critical thinking skills necessary to succeed in your job.

What Is Critical Thinking?
“Critical thinking is the intellectually disciplined process of actively and skillfully conceptualizing, applying, analyzing, synthesizing, and/or evaluating information gathered from, or generated by, observation, experience, reflection, reasoning, or communication, as a guide to belief and action.” Critical thinking is just deliberately and systematically processing information so that you can make better decisions and generally understand things better. The above definition includes so many words because critical thinking requires you to apply diverse intellectual tools to diverse information. Ways to critically think about information include:
  • Conceptualizing
  • Analyzing
  • Synthesizing
  • Evaluating
That information will come from sources such as:
  • Observation
  • Experience
  • Reflection
  • Reasoning
  • Communication

Observation:
Observational skills are the starting point for critical thinking. People who are observant can quickly sense and identify a new problem. Those skilled in observation are capable of understanding why something might be a problem. They may even be able to predict when a problem might occur before it happens based on their experience. Improve your observation skills by slowing down your pace of processing information and training yourself to pay closer attention to your surroundings. You might practice mindfulness techniques, journaling or actively listening during and outside of work to thoroughly examine what you’re hearing or seeing. Then, consider if you notice trends in behavior, transactions or data that might be helpful for your team to address.

Analysis:
Once a problem has been identified, analysis skills become essential. The ability to analyze and effectively evaluate a situation involves knowing what facts, data or information about the problem are necessary. This also often includes gathering unbiased research, asking relevant questions about the information to ensure its accuracy and assessing the findings objectively. Improve your analytical skills by taking on new experiences. For instance, you might read a book a few concepts you’re unfamiliar with or take an online math class to push yourself to suppose in new ways and consider new ideas. Doing so can assist you to build the skills to interpret new data and make rational decisions based on sound analysis.


Inference:
Inference is a skill that involves drawing conclusions about the information you collect and may need you to possess technical or industry-specific knowledge or experience. When you make an inference, that means you are developing answers based on limited information. For instance, a car mechanic may need to infer what is causing a car’s engine to stall at seemingly random times based on the information available to them. Improve your inference skills by placing focus on making an educated guess rather than quickly drawing conclusions. This requires slowing down to look for as many clues as possible—such as pictures, information or reports—that might assist you to evaluate a situation. Carefully consider all the pieces of the puzzle together before making a decision.

Communication:
Communication skills are important when it comes time to explain and discuss problems and their possible solutions with colleagues and other stakeholders. Communication is an important skill to have and improve on for many purposes at work including critical thinking. Improve your communication skills within the context of critical thinking by engaging in difficult discussions, for instance, where you and another participant may hold differing views about the topic. Maintain good communication habits like active listening and respect to try to understand their perspective and explain your ideas in a calm, rational manner. This can help prepare you to evaluate solutions more effectively with your colleagues.

Problem-solving:
After you’ve identified a problem, analyzed it and explored possible remedies, the final step is to execute the solution. Problem-solving often requires critical thinking to implement the best solution and understand whether or not the solution is working as it relates to the goal. Improve your problem-solving skills by setting goals to acquire more industry knowledge within your field. Problem-solving at work typically becomes easier if you have a strong understanding of industry-specific information. It may also be helpful to observe how others around you solve problems at work—take note of their techniques and raise questions about their process.

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